The A-flat major triad, more commonly called the A-flat major chord or simply the A-flat chord for short, consists of the notes A-flat, C and E-flat. Here it is on the treble clef staff:
Here is the A-flat major chord on the bass clef staff:
Here are both of the above chords on the piano:
As a major triad, the A-flat chord consists of a major third plus a minor third. The interval from A-flat to C is a major third, while the interval between C and E-flat is a minor third.
If the root of the A-flat chord – A-flat – is the bass note (i.e., the bottom note), then the chord is in root position:
If the third of the chord – C – is the bottom note, then the chord is in first inversion:
If the fifth of the chord – E-flat – is the bass note, then the chord is in second inversion. (E-flat is called the fifth of the chord because the interval from the root A-flat to E-flat is a fifth.)
If the notes of a chord are played one after the other, the chord is said to be arpeggiated. Here are the standard fingerings for arpeggios of the A-flat chord. Make sure you learn these fingerings!
(If you don’t understand the below notation, you should start with my How to Read Sheet Music course.)
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