The F minor triad, more commonly called the F minor chord, is a minor triad consisting of the notes F, A-flat and C. Here it is on the bass clef staff:
As a minor triad, the F minor chord consists of a minor third plus a major third. The interval from F to A-flat is a minor third, while the interval between A-flat and C is a major third.
If the root of the F minor chord – F – is the bass note (i.e., the bottom note), then the chord is in root position:
If the third of the chord – A-flat – is the bottom note, then the chord is in first inversion:
If the fifth of the chord – C – is the bass note, then the chord is in second inversion. (C is called the fifth of the chord because the interval from the root F to C is a fifth.)
If the notes of a chord are played one after the other, the chord is said to be arpeggiated. Here are the standard fingerings for arpeggios of the F minor chord. Make sure you learn these fingerings!
(If you don’t understand the below notation, you should start with my How to Read Sheet Music course.)
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