The G major triad, more commonly called the G major chord or simply the G chord for short, consists of the notes G, B and D. Here it is on the bass clef staff:
As a major triad, the G chord consists of a major third plus a minor third. The interval from G to B is a major third, while the interval between B and D is a minor third.
Inversions of the G Chord
If the root of the G chord – G – is the bass note (i.e., the bottom note), then the chord is in root position:
If the third of the chord – B – is the bottom note, then the chord is in first inversion:
If the fifth of the chord – D – is the bass note, then the chord is in second inversion. (D is called the fifth of the chord because the interval from the root G to D is a fifth.)
G Major Arpeggios
If the notes of a chord are played one after the other, the chord is said to be arpeggiated. Here are the standard fingerings for arpeggios of the G chord. Make sure you learn these fingerings!
(If you don’t understand the below notation, you should start with my How to Read Sheet Music course.)
G major arpeggio in root position:
G major arpeggio in first inversion:
G major arpeggio in second inversion:
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