key-notes

Professional Online Music Education

Start Learning Today

Natural, Harmonic and Melodic Minor

Question: Which minor scale… natural, harmonic, or melodic, should I be practicing on when playing the major scale, then to its relative minor scale?

– Richard (North Carolina, USA)

...
Continue Reading...

Names of Piano Keys

Question: Hi Albert,

I’m just beginning to play. Is there such a thing as a paper/cardboard thing you put on the keyboard with the notes on it?

Thanks,

– Gigi

Albert’s reply:...

Continue Reading...

Music Theory Through Piano

Question: My idea of teaching music theory through piano was always burning in my mind… at last I think I found the right place to learn more.

I am interested especially in harmony,...

Continue Reading...

Metric Accents

Question: Hi, I just wanted to ask some short questions:

  1. Explain the following time signatures and tell where the accents fall in each: 2/4, 3/4, 4/4.

  2. What are accents and what effect do they...

Continue Reading...

Memorizing the Keys in Sheet Music

Question: I’ve often read that to play the piano properly, you must be proficient in key identification (knowing what the key is, based on the number of sharps or flats it has). As long as I...

Continue Reading...

Major Scales for Piano

Here are all the major scales for piano, with all proper fingerings, for free download! Simply right-click the download icons or links and select “Save” to download the major piano...

Continue Reading...

Learning Music Theory in Lessons

Question: I am 67 years old and returned to piano less than a year ago. My teacher is a world class pianist who doesn’t have much time for me. But then too I don’t feel I need lessons...

Continue Reading...

Key vs Scale Intervals

Which to Learn?

Question: I was about to memorize the number and types of intervals in the scales.

Then I noticed this distinction between keys and scales.

Any key (major or minor) comprises just...

Continue Reading...

How to Tell the Key of a Song

Question: Hello Albert,

Many years ago, I was taught that by looking at the last note or notes of a piece of music, one could tell what key it is in, that is of course if one does not understand...

Continue Reading...

How to Harmonize a Melody

Question: Hey Albert, I am glad to hear of your success at the TED convention.

My two-part question is one that may sound odd but “How can I be sure what chords to play on the melody note in...

Continue Reading...

How Much Music Theory?

Question: How much theory is important when learning to play the piano? What’s most important to know?

– Barb (Wisconsin, USA)

Albert’s reply: This is a critical question for...

Continue Reading...

Double Expositions

Question: Hello Albert, My question today is:

Where did the idea of double expositions in piano concertos come from and how did it affect later compositions?

Achilles (Malta)

Albert’s...

Continue Reading...

Bottom Keys of the Piano

Question: What are the bottom notes of the piano?

– Adrianna (Texas, USA)

Albert’s reply: Assuming you’re using a standard full-sized, 88-key piano, the bottom key plays A.

...

Continue Reading...

Yamaha Digital Piano

A Pianist’s Review of the AvantGrand

I recently had an opportunity to play the AvantGrand, the new Yamaha digital piano that represents the current state of the art, and wanted to share my...

Continue Reading...

Who Invented the Piano?

It was a harpsichord maker named Bartolomeo Cristofori who invented the piano in 1700. Cristofori (pronounced kris-TOFF-or-ee) (1655–1731) was from Padua, in the Republic of Venice in...

Continue Reading...

What Are the Notes on a Piano?

Question: I was wondering, what are the notes on a piano?

– Lily (Corpus Christi, Texas, USA)

Albert’s reply: I assume you’re talking about the names of the keys… but...

Continue Reading...

Upright Piano Value

Question: I have a Concord upright cabinet grand piano, serial #22580. I want to sell it but am not sure what to charge. I’ve been researching for a while but can’t seem to get...

Continue Reading...

Una Corda Pedal

Question: What does U.C. mean?

Albert’s reply: U.C. stands for una corda and it refers to a piano’s leftmost of the three piano pedals. It is also called the soft pedal because it is...

Continue Reading...

Types of Pianos

Question: Who invented the piano? When, and what types of pianos are there?

– Sam Willequette

Albert’s reply: The piano was invented by an Italian harpsichord maker named Bartolomeo...

Continue Reading...

The Piano

The piano is an unmusical instrument, in some ways the least musical of all instruments. It is by nature impersonal, a purely mechanical device. Its hammers are totally indifferent to what triggers...

Continue Reading...

Steinway vs. Boston Pianos

Question: Hi Albert,

Thanks for this great site! My question is, I have a Yamaha upright that’s about 20 years old and I’m thinking about buying a new piano. I fell in love with a...

Continue Reading...

Roland Digital Piano

Although as a classical pianist I play an acoustic piano, there are people and situations for whom a digital piano is a practical solution, and I get asked for recommendations. The excellent action...

Continue Reading...

Piano Values

What factors determine piano values, and how much is your piano worth? While a piano, like anything else, is ultimately worth whatever a seller can get for it, a piano’s real value is the...

Continue Reading...

Piano Range

Question: What is the full scale of the keyboard/piano, and what is the first note on the keyboard?

– Patience (Salem, South Carolina, USA)

Albert’s reply: The first key on the...

Continue Reading...

Piano Pedals

What are all those piano pedals for, and how did they get there? This article explores the pedals and their history.

The piano pedals have by no means remained constant throughout the history of...

Continue Reading...